Zelevi Sarmi – cabbage leaves stuffed with minced meat & rice | The world of food and cooking

When I think of simple, slow cooked and homemade food, one of the things I imagine is Zelevi Sarmi. A simply prepared dish that brings me a sense of home or contentment every time I eat it. Probably the dish is not of Bulgarian origin but it’s so popular that every second Bulgarian will tell you that Zelevi Sarmi is a traditional Bulgarian dish.

Cooked and consumed during winter months Sarmi were normally a heavy dish, prepared with pork fat. However, with today’s shift to healthier eating many people have substituted the traditional pork fat with sunflower or olive oil.

Traditionally, a pot filled with Sarmi is usually prepared for an entire family. But you can half the proportions if your family is not too big.


Serves: 6-8zelevi-sarmi-ok-6701080

2 tbsp sunflower (olive) oil 1 onion, peeled and finely diced 500g beef (or pork or combination of both), minced 150g (1 cup) of any white rice 2/3 cup (150g) medium grain rice, washed and drained 3 tbsp tomato paste 1-2 tsp mild paprika 1 tsp dried peppermint 1 tsp dried savory Salt & freshly ground black pepper 20-30 pickled cabbage leaves (if too large, cut in half)

1litre boiling water (or stock)

For the tomato salsa (optional, for serving) 4-5 canned tomatoes a sprig of fresh dill 1 tbsp of olive oil

salt & pepper to taste


Heat oil in a large frying pan (low-medium), add onions and a sprinkling of salt, sauté without colouring (for about 5 minutes). Turn heat up, add the minced meat and cook for another 8-10 minutes, stirring from time to time.

Add rice and stir until translucent (2-3 minutes). Add paprika and the tomato paste (diluted with some hot water) and cook for further 2-3 minutes. Then remove from heat and add all the remaining herbs and spices. Allow to cool a little bit so you can handle it.

In a large pot, place few cabbage leaves on the base. If the cabbage leaves are too salty, soak in cold water for up to 30 minutes. Drain cabbage leaves before starting to roll them.


Place a cabbage leaf on a chopping board with the thickest part closest to you, spoon 2-3 tea spoons of the mix and fold over each edge to form a neat cylinder. While rolling the cabbage leave try to create a tight sausage-like shape.

Place on the bottom of the pot. Continue until all the mix is used up, layering the sarmi (there will be 2-3 layers).When filling and rolling, follow the natural curve of the cabbage leaves.

Cover with 2-3 cabbage leaves and lace a large plate on top to hold the sarmi down. Pour boiling water over them and cover. Cover with lid and bring to the boil. Lower the heat to medium and cook for 30 minutes or until the rice is cooked.

While your sarmi are cooking, prepare the tomato salsa: put all ingredients in blender and whizz together.

To serve, pour some of the tomato salsa on a serving plate, line 2-3 sarmi and serve. Best served hot with crusty homemade bread.

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