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If you ever been to Bulgaria, the chances are you already know what banitsa is. This savoury pastry with filling is an absolute classic in Bulgaria and to Bulgarians banitsa is what quiche is to French. Generally served for breakfast, countless fillings such as eggs and sirene cheese, spinach and cheese, rice and spices, cabbage or leeks, among the many others, are used. Freshly baked Banitza

These variations reflect the change of seasons or region but no matter what type you’ve tried, if you were lucky enough to taste a homemade one, you probably still remember it.

It could be made from readymade phyllo pastry or from homemade pastry sheets, prepared from a baker’s hard dough including flour, eggs, and water and both methods deliver very similar results, with the only difference being that making pastry sheets at home will take you much longer.

Quite a different story is the pale imitation sold at street kiosks and if you’ve tried one of those, we feel sorry for you, and our only suggestion is you give it another try (this time with homemade).

Usually banitsa is served for breakfast with plain yogurt (a classic Bulgarian breakfast), but it could be served at any other meal. There is even a popular Bulgarian saying “roll up a banitsa” meaning you are preparing to meet dear guests.

And all of the above relates to the regular banitsa but then there is a festive banitsa, prepared on either Christmas or New Year’s Eve. It’s an old tradition to put lucky charms (more recently substituted by happy wishes) inside the Christmas banitsa. When the whole family is around the table, the oldest member spins the banitsa pan and everyone picks up a piece. The happy wishes inside include happiness, health, success, travel, etc.

The recipe below is of the most popular type – called Banitsa sas sirene (banitsa with cheese):

Serves: makes 6 medium pieces
Preparation time: 30-35 minutes


200g Phyllo (filo/fillo/phylo) dough, (that’s half a pack where we live)
3 medium size eggs
150g sirene cheese (substitute with any white brine cheese, such as feta), mashed with a fork
50g butter
50ml sparkling water

Method (the easiest):

As I made banitsa just for two, I reduced the quantities of all ingredients in half, and used a small pan (25x15cm).

Preheat the oven to 200C/390F/Gas 6.
Melt the butter in a small sauce pan on low heat.

In a bowl whisk together the eggs and the crushed cheese. If the cheese is not salty enough, add some salt.

Grease the bottom and sides of the dish with some of the melted butter. Cover the bottom with 3 phyllo sheets (you can brush them with some melted butter, but it’s not necessary). With a spoon spread evenly part of the eggs-cheese filling, cover with 3 sheets of phyllo, and continue layering filling and phyllo sheets.

Remember – once you open the pack of phyllo dough, the sheets should be handled gently, and kept from drying out, otherwise they’ll become crispy. To prevent sheets from drying out while working, cover the unfolded phyllo dough with a damp dishtowel.

Finish with 3 phyllo sheets. Cut carefully in rectangle pieces with a sharp knife.

Using a spoon pour the rest of the melted butter into the cuts. Pour evenly over the banitsa the sparkling water, and leave it to soak for 5 minutes. Bake for about 20-25 minutes or till it’s become golden.

Once baked, leave it in the pan for few minutes to cool, if you prefer it crispy, or cover with a dishtowel, to have it soft and tender.

Serve warm.

BanitsaThat’s the easiest banitsa recipe, and the one anyone can make. It was also the first ever thing in my life I cooked myself (without mentioning some occasional instant soups).

If you prefer cooking banitsa from scratch, I’m sure you’ll find it even tastier. In some villages you can still see old women (with white flour stains) rolling out phyllo dough by hand on large round tables (as I remember my grandma doing it). After rolling it out, the phyllo circles have to be slightly baked (just for few seconds) over the wood stove and covered up with cloth to soften.


Tikvenik is one of the most popular sweet variations of the phyllo dough, filled with pumpkin and walnuts, and Zelnik has the basic recipe filling, with some green additions – spinach, nettle, patients dock or sorrel or a combination of all these. There is Mlechna banitza (Milk banitza), Trakyiska banitsa (Thracian banitsa – with rice in the filling), Luchnik (with leeks filling).

Whatever the filling is, you can make it plain or opt for a bit more elaborated Vita banitsa (Rolled up banitza).  You make it first slightly oiling every phyllo sheet, and then rolling them up into a roll with the filling inside the roll. The long roll is then placed in a round baking tray and rolled up in a circle.

18 comments to Banitsa

  • Goranka

    Yes, this is it. Bingo!!! The easiest way to prepare banitza. Thanks

    • Truth, that’s the easiest banitza one can prepare. Although we’re about to post a more elaborated traditional version, with home rolled phyllo.

  • Cecilia

    Hey!!! my husband loves this!. i want to thank you for sharing this! :) i add to the mix 4 tablespoons of greek yogurt and salt!. Where can i find the elaborated version with home rolled phyllo?

    • Hi, Cecilia! I’m glad you want to try the home rolled phyllo, that probably means you like the taste of banitsa as well as your husband ;)
      Unfortunately, we did not yet post about it, but I believe you can find another source. You may like the taste of another classic – zelnik (it is basicaly banitsa with green leaf vegetables).

  • Aglaia

    I am a bit confused…what is the sparkling water for???

    • It basicaly acts like the baking soda, giving some “air” to the pastry, otherwise it will be too stif. In this prticular case you also need the water so the phyllo did not get too dry.

  • Sarah

    @Borislava: Thank you for this wonderful recipe. I studied few years at Sofia University in the ’80s and l remember being teased by fellow Bulgarian Students – over eating nothing but Banitsa and how l would probably grow fat from it. I have not returned since but have always thought about this wonderful, delicious food. And now l can make it at home for myself and my family. Thank you again.

  • Julie

    Thank you for this recipe. Our family is adopting a little girl from Bulgaria and we are learning to cook and eat foods she will recognize. This sounds wonderful! Any more recommendations?

    • Hi, Julie! Searching for food that is familiar to your little girl is…well, so tender. We found your thought so affectionate and lovig! Our nepfews also love meatballs soup, and we know a number of little fuzzy eaters, that never refuse bob chorba. I also believe there is no Bulgarian kid who would refuse tikvenik (sweet pumpkin banitsa), and mliako s oriz is a kindergarten staple.
      Pls, don’t hasitate to let us know if we can help with somethig else. Good luck to you and whole your family!

  • Kristine

    Julie, congratulations on the adoption of your Bulgarian daughter! We adopted our daughter and son from Turgivishte, Bukgaria. Although they were born in Shoumen, they were at the orphanage for older kids in Turgovishte. This recipe is great and my kids love it! They also like traditional shopska salad a lot. They also like the meatballs that Borislava mentioned. We belong to a group of families who have all adopted Bulgarian children and we are looking for great recipes to share! Thanks for the suggestions Borislava! Now I’ll go hunting for those :)

    • Hilary

      How did you adopt a Bulgarian child..we have been thinking of it…is it through an agency?

      • Kristine

        We did use an agency: Lifelink. They did a terrific job preparing us and dealing with the process. Good luck with whatever decision you make. Blessings!

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  • R

    Hi- 1/4th Bulgarian here, sadly my baba died earlier this year but I thought it would be great to try and make this for the holiday season. I was wondering- would anyone ever combine a pumpkin and cheese banitsa, or would it be best to make two seperate ones, one only cheese and one only pumpkin?

    • Hi, R!
      Please accept my condolences on the loss of your baba. It surely is a great idea to remember her during the festive season thru the the perfume of a homemade banitsa.
      As for the combination – I never tried it before, so I can’t be of great help here. Sounds interesting though, so please, come back to share how did it worked, if you try it.
      Have warm and cozy winter holidays!

  • Kathleen

    Hello! My mother was Bulgarian, and her mother, my beloved grandmother, made bonitsa the “old fashioned” way. She made and rolled her dough on her round table, and I remember she would get the dough so thin, it was nearly transparent. It was truly a work of art. She only made two kinds: spinach and feta cheese and apple and walnuts. She would snake the rolled bonitsa around in a baking pan and I remember the wonderful anticipation of when it would come out of the oven and get cool enough to eat so I could have a piece. Bonitsa was truly the most wonderful food I had ever eaten, made with love by my grandmother.

    • Brandon Li

      Thanks for sharing a bit of your life and after reading your Grandma’s variations we will now definitely try making bonitsa

  • Sharyne taylor

    Thank you for the wonderful recipes I cannot wait to try them out.
    Many years ago I was married to a man last name Nickloff and my mother-in-law would make Bonitda and lute it’s. What find memories I have of her

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