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Traditional Bulgarian Recipes


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You might have already been to Bulgaria, in which case you know what Bulgarian food is like. I am certain you were not disappointed. We are often asked:” What type of food to expect in Bulgaria?” or “What do Bulgarians eat? Is Bulgarian cuisine close to the Mediterranean?” and questions of a similar character.

Well, to put it short, Bulgarian food is tasty. It is quite a statement but we will not only explain why the food is so important to Bulgarians but will also give you a more in-depth look on what to expect in Bulgaria in terms of food.

We will be delighted if you start exploring Bulgarian cuisine by cooking some of the recipes we publish here. We try to reflect all seasonal variations of our cuisine and use all the different products available in Bulgaria.

Happy browsing and cooking and don’t forget to share your experiences with us.

Overview of Bulgarian cuisine and what Bulgarians eat

In Bulgaria food is still cooked with fresh, naturally grown products and ingredients. If one tries to describe the Bulgarian cooking style in short that would probably be: Slowly prepared dishes with generous use of flavor-packed vegetables and herbs.

The traditional Bulgarian cuisine

For historical reasons, the traditional Bulgarian cuisine is heavily influenced by Turkish, Greek and Middle Eastern cuisines and to lesser extent by Italian and Mediterranean cuisines. This is so for many reasons among which are the facts that Bulgaria was under Ottoman rule for almost five centuries, the geographical location – the country is situated on the crossroad between Europe and Asia and also because of its proximity to the Mediterranean region.  In other words, Bulgarian cuisine is particularly diverse.

Still, if definition is needed, one can describe the traditional Bulgarian cuisine as one using a lot of spices and herbs, elaborate to cook and time consuming.

What do Bulgarians eat?

If you are lucky enough to be a guest in a Bulgarian home and the hosts decide to treat you to a Bulgarian food, you will most likely be served a few courses meal. Bulgarians will almost always start with appetizers or/ and a salad, reflecting the season, often accompanied with some additional starters, such as cold cuts, grilled, pickled or marinated vegetables, olives, spreads and other stuff resembling Turkish and Greek mezes.

To follow Bulgarians will have some kind of meat for as main course. Most popular meats are chicken and pork, usually served with potatoes, rice or cabbage on a side. Beef and fish are consumed by Bulgarians, but are not that popular, partially because of their higher price and partially because traditionally there were not part of Bulgarians’ diet. Lamb (but not mutton) is largely appreciated by Bulgarians; however it is not eaten on daily basis but rather on special occasions.

In recent years, lifestyles are changing, the assortment in supermarkets is becoming richer and richer, Bulgarians’ living standard is rising and this reflects in the eating habits of Bulgarians.

The national drink of Bulgaria is rakia, a strong alcohol beverage, very much resembling brandy and grappa. Typically rakia is made of grapes and has an ABV (alcohol by volume) of 40%.  Here is one thing you need to know – Bulgarians drink rakia with their starters and not after they’ve finished with the meal. They take their time with savoring the combination of Rakia and starters and can easily have few drinks during this time. If you are offered Rakia, just go for it – it’s well worth trying and it doesn’t mean you need to match the number of drinks your Bulgarian friends will have.

The style and orientation of home cooking depends on many factors, but the most important one is the family cooking tradition. For example, at home, many Bulgarians will incorporate many recipes and eating habits adopted from their parents and grandparents cooking. A distinctive feature of most Bulgarian recipes is that you start with cooking the meat first, gradually adding all other ingredients. This also means that at the end of the cooking you will have completely finished the cooking, using one saucepan or baking tray. This method saves time, especially if you work from scratch.

Local produce

Below is a concise list of the locally produced foods that Bulgaria is either self-sufficient in or of which it produces some quantities:

Meats: pork, beef, lamb, chicken, ostrich, fish;

Dairy products: the main type of milk Bulgarians eat is plain yogurt, therefore it’s produced in enormous quantities, followed by fresh milk and cheese. Cows’ milk is the most popular type of milk, but sheep, goat and buffalo milk is also produced in Bulgaria. The most popular types of Bulgarian cheeses are sirene (white brined cheese) and kashkaval (yellow semi matured cheese);

Legumes, rice and corn are all produced in Bulgaria;

Vegetables: potatoes, cabbage (green and red), carrots, tomatoes, green peppers, aubergines, cucumbers, garlic, courgettes, pumpkins, onions (yellow and green), peas, celery, spinach, cauliflower, lima beans, lettuce, radishes, turnip, gumbo, mushrooms, olives;

Fruits: apples, cherries, sour cherries, raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, peaches, pears, plums, apricots, watermelons, melons, grapes, quinces and many more;

Nuts: peanuts, walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, chestnuts;

Herbs: many different – thyme, horseradish, tarragon, sage, rosemary, bay leaf and coriander, to name but a few

Wine: although wine is not the focus of this article, it’s worth mentioning since it is produced in large quantities and of ever increasing quality, and is one of the main exports of Bulgaria.

What’s available on the market?

The short answer will be pretty much everything. All of the above listed products are freely available in convenience stores and supermarkets. More exotic foods and products will be found in speciality stores and delicatessens which are popping up everywhere.

Nevertheless, some Far East food products and South American products, such as durian, quinoa, Chinese or Japanese noodles or mushrooms, as well as many spices, herbs and condiments are still difficult to find in Bulgaria.

What not to miss?

You should not miss trying some Bulgarian recipes. Bellow follows a list of recipes, which by no means is definite and could be somewhat subjective, but its idea is to provide some orientation:

Lyutenitsa – is a national relish (or dip, or spread) of Bulgaria, made of bell peppers, tomatoes, onions, black pepper, sunflower oil and salt. It could be made from both sweet and hot peppers so the taste will vary from sweet to hot.

Baklava – is a type of sweet layered pastry with a either ground walnuts or ground peanuts filling inside, all soaked in sugar syrup.

Banitsa – is a traditional Bulgarian pastry prepared by layering a mixture of whisked eggs and pieces of sirene (white brine cheese) between filo pastry and then baking it in an oven. Again the recipes will vary, and you can have Banitsa with different fillings such as: leeks, cabbage, spinach and cheese and even pumpkin.

Bob chorba – traditional Bulgarian beans soup

Patatnik – is Bulgarian and more precisely Rhodopean potato pie, made of grated potatoes, eggs, onions, salt and peppermint

Shopska salad – Shopska is probably the most famous of Bulgarian salads, made of cubed tomatoes and cucumbers, finely chopped onions and depending on the season either baked or fresh sweet peppers, all covered with grated sirene (white brine cheese).

Mlechna salad (also Snezhanka) – is made of strained yogurt, finely diced cucumbers and vegetable oil, a touch of garlic, all sprinkled with chopped dill and grated walnuts.

Tarator – It is made of diluted yogurt, finely diced fresh cucumbers, grated walnuts, dill, a touch of garlic vegetable oil, and it’s served chilled.

Elenski but – is a dry-cured ham from the town of Elena in northern Bulgaria and is the Bulgarian version of the Italian Prosciutto or the Spanish Jamón.

Lukanka – is a Bulgarian spicy, half-raw and half-dried, flattened, cylindrical sausage, unique to Bulgarian cuisine.

Sarmi – minced meat (usually beef, pork or a combination thereof), rice, onions, and various spices, including salt, pepper and various local herbs are mixed together and then rolled into large plant leaves, which may be cabbage or vine leaf (fresh or pickled).

48 comments to Traditional Bulgarian Recipes

  • Mindy Canada

    Do you know if we can buy bulgarian spices one is WAPEHA Con in cyrillic traditional blend

    • I’m not sure what exactly do you mean, Mindy… is it Sharena sol (шарена сол)? This one is a traditional Bulgarian blend, and you can prepare it by your own (if you can’t find it where you live). It is a mix of dried savory, paprika, roasted pumpkin seeds, fenugreek (the leaves and the seeds) and salt – everything grounded and sifted. You can also add some roasted sweet corn kennels, dried thyme or oregano.

  • Jasmin

    I need a good bulgarian recipe for kids, can you please help me?

  • unknown

    I need to learn how to make this food

  • unknown

    but where would you get the things to make it.

    • Aleks

      Hey if your wondering from where to get all the ingredients i my friend have the answer. In most Italian stores you can find sirene and usually all the spices you need. The kashkaval you can find maybe in an arabic store or some other store thats not based on canadas or USA’s food an ingredients.

  • Connie Nickloff

    Thank you so much. I have been look for Bonita’s and lyutentisa for years. Mu grandmother made a chunky version with eggplant in it. Almost like a gaspatchio … I don’t know what my father did with the cookbooks when she passed. Please help my sister and I . We literally dream about it. It’s been 30 years. I would like to pass this down to my son.

  • Eva

    I was in Plovdiv, Bulgaria last weekend and loved the food that was cooked on round clay pan that had about a one-inch lip and is served on a metal stand (called a “sach” I believe). I found one in a store and bought it, and when I did the woman told me that I should never use water on it. To prepare the pan, she said I should rub oil all over it and bake it in the oven, and that I should do this method three times to seal the clay before I cook in it.

    Now that I am back home, I’ve searched the internet for information but cannot find any on preparing this particular type of pan. All the clay pot preparations say to soak the pot in water and some even say to put water in the pan and bake it for several hours. But the online info I had was for terra cotta and the clay of my pan seems different (the color is not so orange). Plus, the woman told me not to use water. It is possible that something was lost in our conversation because of the language difference, but I am pretty sure she told me the above directions (seasoning with oil, avoid water when cooking and cleaning). I really don’t want to crack this new pot – do you know how I should prepare the pan before using it?

    Thanks for your help!

    • Hi, Eva.
      It’s not because of the language difference – sach is just different type of clay pan. The “regular” clay pots are baked twice on high temperature (around 1000 C), and sach is baked once on much lower temperature. Soaking it in hot water may turn it into a pile of clay and sand, and that’s why the woman stressed the “no water” rule. But once you follow her advice and bake it few times generously rubbing it with oil, water will not be problem anymore (not suitable for dishwasher anyway). When it’s ready, you can use it both on the stovetop (ceramic is ok, but induction I’m afraid not) or in the oven, depending on the ingredients you want to prepare.
      As for all clay or glass pots, you should put it in cold oven, gradually rising the temperature.
      I hope this will help you start using this amazing pan – it stays hot long after the last yummy bites have been eaten and it’s as natural as not many other pots can be. They say the pancakes made on it are incredible, but I personally didn’t try them yet.

  • Ray Valdez

    How is the Shopska dressed? Oil and vinegar?

  • vikki fenton

    just back from St Vlas Bulgaria where the food was amazing especially the chicken sach could you tell me the recipe for this as i cant find it anywhere ? thanks

  • Karlie W.

    My great grandmother used to have this spice blend that has a really strong smell and was the thing I looked forward to on sliced tomatoes with Bulgarian Feta and bread. She called in Smindu, have no idea if I’m spelling it right. Our family has been trying to figure out what was in it for years. I’ve heard that it may be fenugreek or savory, but I’m just not sure. I’d love to get my hands on some or even make it. I’ve researched and may have found it called Sharena Sol, Chubritsa, or Merudiya. My family does rave about my Banitsa, they say its really close to hers. I’m ready to tackle this spice blend as I miss it much! Do you have any ideas on this? Thanks!

  • Kiara V.

    Karlie, your grandmother was using Sminduh ( fenugreek ).

  • Renee


    I was wandering if someone could help me out with something? I am planning a Missions Sunday for the Sunday School Department at my church the last Sunday in Nov. We try to decorate the room with traditional or authentic or as close to as possible, decorations from the region we are focusing on. This time we are focusing on Bulgaria and I am having trouble finding samples of decorations could any one PLEASE help by giving me examples or websites where I can find this information? PLEASE and THANK YOU very very much!!!


  • Balkan Dispatch: An Introduction to Bulgarian Food & Drink (Part 1 of 3) | Taxi Gourmet

    […] PS: If you’d like to try some Bulgarian recipes, click on the links in the body of the text or check out Bulgarian chef and Share my Kitchen. […]

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  • Monica

    Okay, I am Bulgarian and I just have something to say about this. The Baklava is not Bulgarian!!! It’s a Turkish thing… Turkish people in Bulgaria make that a lot and a lot of Bulgarians just took the recipe and started making it aswell. But it’s a typical Turkish thing :) Otherwise, I strongly recommend to try lyutenitsa. :)

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    Hi there, does anyone have a good recipe for Bulgarian Biscuit cake? A really good friend of mine is from Bulgaria and loves it. I really want to make her some as a surprise, but can’t find a good recipe on the net. Thanks

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  • Virginia Stotz

    I need a translation for two words in a recipe a Bulgarian friend gave me.

    mukburku. English equivalent??

    nycaka. Name of a dish. English equivalent?

    also, what is the Bulgarian word for zucchini?

    Thanks so much

    • Аnie

      Hi Virginia,

      “mukburku” is probably “тиквички”, which means zucchini in Bulgarian.
      “nycaka” = “мусака” (mousaka)

      Greets from Sofia!

  • stoenv

    Baklava is made in Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, former Jugoslav republics, in the arab world. You should not make a statement that it is Turkish as you cannot justify it.

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    bulgarian traditional dishes have lots of vegetables. enjoy >… …

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  • Karim

    Never eat bulgarian food… It’s time to repair this miss!

  • Linda

    I love Bulgarian food very much . I will try this today .

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